We urge shoppers to become informed and stay on top of advice from the Centers for Disease Control and the World Health Organization. Accessed Jan 31, 2018. California Environmental Protection Agency. Found in a variety of personal care products including moisturizers, cosmetics, conditioners, and sunscreen. Many hazardous chemicals are also classified as dangerous goods. (2008). Accessed Jan8, 2018. Some flame retardants and the antimicrobials triclosan and triclocarban enhance the androgenic activity in vitro. (2017). Neurobehavioral effects of developmental toxicity. (2017). Environmental Health Perspectives, 120(12), 1711. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/scientific_committees/consumer_safety/docs/sccs_o_090.pdf, [126] Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA). Policy for Nanomaterials in Food and Food Packaging. Accessed Jan 30, 2018. Ciccocioppo, R. (2013). National Institutes of Health. [175] The EU has also restricted how nickel is used in products that are intended to be in contact with the skin for prolonged periods of time. Many preservatives are controversial, and some are problematic by the very nature of what they do. Wynne, B. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/ceh/publications/endocrine/en/, [252] Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, (OEHHA). 10.3109/10915819009078737 Retrieved from http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.3109/10915819009078737, [363] U.S. Food & Drug Administration, (FDA). (2017). GHS classification results. Chapter 6 – oxidative stress. There are currently more than 3,000 individual PFASs in the global marketplace. (2018). (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ec.gc.ca/lcpe-cepa/default.asp?lang=En&n=515887B7-1&offset=1&toc=show, [282] Environment and Climate Change Canada. (2015). Food dyes: A rainbow of risks. (2012) Opinion on nitrosamines and secondary amines in cosmetic products. Retrieved from https://oehha.ca.gov/proposition-65/chemicals/14-dioxane, [351] International Agency for Research on Cancer, (IARC). The Hazardous 100+ List of Chemicals of Concern. Food dyes: A rainbow of risks. [34] All three colorings can be contaminated with chemicals that are carcinogens.[35]. Accessed Mar 12, 2018. Retrieved from http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/128169/e94535.pdf, [167] World Health Organization, (WHO). Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/scientific_committees/consumer_safety/docs/sccs_o_090.pdf, [194] Schlumpf, M., Schmid, P., Durrer, S., Conscience, M., Maerkel, K., Henseler, M., Gruetter, M., Herzog, I., Reolon, S., Ceccatelli, R., Faass, O., Stutz, E., Hubertus, J., Wuttke, W., & Lichtensteiger, W. (2004). Retrieved from https://www.safecosmetics.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Pretty-Scary.pdf, [175] ASEAN Cosmetics Association. . Effects of early life permethrin exposure on spatial working memory and on monoamine levels in different brain areas of pre-senescent rats. Retrieved from https://endocrinedisruption.org/interactive-tools/tedx-list-of-potential-endocrine-disruptors/search-the-tedx-list, [139] de Groot, A. C., & Herxheimer, A. Quaternary ammonium disinfectants cause subfertility in mice by targeting both male and female reproductive processes. Z., Fan, M. X., Liu, H. Y., Xie, Y. H., & Zhu, T. (2014). [283] D4 is also an endocrine disruptor. (2007). Retrieved from https://cspinet.org/sites/default/files/attachment/food-dyes-rainbow-of-risks.pdf, [31] Lucová, M., Hojerová, J., Pažoureková, S., & Klimová, Z. Accessed July 13, 2017. Centers for Disease Control. Synthetic antioxidants used to extend shelf life. Siloxanes are a chemical group that form the backbone and building blocks of silicones. [272],[273] Many pyrethroids are not easily degraded in the environment, are toxic to wildlife and vegetation,[274] and are very toxic to aquatic life.[275]. Search the SIN (substitute it now) list: cyclotetrasiloxane. See more. Accessed Jan 25, 2018. Retrieved from https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2016-09/documents/naphthalene.pdf, [164] Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA). (1986). . California Environmental Protection Agency. Government of Canada. Retrieved from https://cspinet.org/sites/default/files/attachment/food-dyes-rainbow-of-risks.pdf, [36] Hallagan, J. Toxicology, 303, 162-168. doi:10.1016/j.tox.2012.09.016, [272] Beyond Pesticides. Accessed Jun 26, 2017. Retrieved from http://chm.pops.int/TheConvention/ThePOPs/AllPOPs/tabid/2509/Default.aspx, [225] Chemsec – The International Chemical Secretariat. With the rise of Zika virus and concern for other mosquito-borne disease, we recognize there is a time and place for the use of bug repellent products that would not pass our screening process. Parabens mimic estrogen in the body. (2013). (n.d.) Data base search – approved hazardous substances with controls: Resorcinol. Retrieved from https://iaspub.epa.gov/apex/pesticides/f?p=PPLS:1, [327] Federal Drug Administration, (FDA). Retrieved from https://www.ec.gc.ca/lcpe-cepa/eng/subs_list/DSL/DSLsearch.cfm, [326] Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA). PEG compounds are formed by condensing water and ethylene oxide. Oxybenzone. Accessed Jan 30, 2018. (2017). (2005). Surfactants are “surface active agents,” which means one end of the molecule is attracted to fat and the other end is attracted to water. (2017). Retrieved from http://endocrinedisruption.org/interactive-tools/tedx-list-of-potential-endocrine-disruptors/search-the-tedx-list, [357] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, (CDC). . They are used in packaging, toys, cosmetics, personal care products, kitchen utensils and storage, appliances, clothing, recreation gear, furniture, hardware, mattresses and more. Search engine for the results of domestic substances categorization: retinoic acid. [153] However, there is currently no scientific consensus on the size of particle which constitutes a nanoparticle. Accessed Jan 31, 2018. (2017). Subchronic dermal application of N,N-diethyl m-toluamide (DEET) and permethrin to adult rats, alone or in combination, causes diffuse neuronal cell death and cytoskeletal abnormalities in the cerebral cortex and the hippocampus, and purkinje neuron loss in the cerebellum. European Commission. (2017). Retrieved from https://oehha.ca.gov/proposition-65/chemicals/di-n-hexyl-phthalate-dnhp, [254] Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, (OEHHA). European Commission. Read more. Like most plastics, PVC has the capability to leech harmful chemicals like endocrine disruptors into the water or food it’s being used to contain. (2010). Oxybenzone is an endocrine disruptor, acting on multiple mechanisms of endocrine disruption. DEET is a documented neurotoxin. (2010). (2017). . (Vol. These ingredients are common in moisturizer, anti-aging cream, anti-acne cream, and foundation. Retrieved from https://www.epa.gov/reviewing-new-chemicals-under-toxic-substances-control-act-tsca/control-nanoscale-materials-under#regs, [158] Friends of the Earth. Government of Canada. Toluene (C6H5CH3) CAS 108-88-3; UN 1294. Retrieved from http://sinlist.chemsec.org/, [212] Scientific Committee on Consumer Products, (SCCS). Archives of Dermatology, 144(10), 1329-1336. doi:10.1001/archderm.144.10.1329, [174] Breast Cancer Fund, Commonweal, & Campaign for Safe Cosmetics. Accessed Jan 11, 2018. Toxicological profile for ammonia. Read more about PFOA. By modifying the ingredient’s molecular chains, different properties result, giving quats the ability to act in products in different capacities including as antibacterials, surfactants, anti-statics, preservatives, and moisturizers. Adverse effects Linked to cancer[121],[122] and short-term health impacts, including irritation to the eyes, nose, and throat,[123] and allergic skin reactions and skin rashes. Evidence on development and reproductive toxicity of cadmium. Chemical hazards in drinking-water. [346] Read more. The British Journal of Dermatology, 165(6), 1178. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2133.2011.10523.x, [141] Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA). Found in sprays, and wipes designed to repel insects (see: Bug Repellent Chemicals and Pesticides). Occurrence of 1,4-dioxane in cosmetic raw materials and finished cosmetic products. Notification No. . Lyon, France: World Health Organization. Accessed Jan 15, 2018. Report of the board of review for decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (siloxane D5). Safety assessment of PEGs cocamine and related ingredients as used in cosmetics. Retrieved from https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/MHMI/mmg56.pdf, [311] Porter, C. A. Chemicals of high concern list. (2017). National Institutes of Health. Simultaneous identification and quantification by liquid chromatography of benzethonium chloride, methyl paraben and triclosan in commercial products labeled as grapefruit seed extract. National Institutes of Health. [47],[48] This ingredient is also called BMDBM, alpha-Oxodiphenylmethane, alpha-Oxoditane, benzoylbenzene, among others. Search the TEX list: Dioxin. Retrieved from https://oehha.ca.gov/chemicals/butylated-hydroxyanisole, [58] National Toxicology Program, (NTP). Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs379/en/, [144] National Institute of Environmental Health Services. Many are known carcinogens[70],[71],[72] derived from burning coal. Retrieved from https://oehha.ca.gov/proposition-65/chemicals/diisononyl-phthalate-dinp, [259] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, (CDC). Retrieved from http://sinlist.chemsec.org/, [199] Chemsec – The International Chemical Secretariat. Risk assessment related to the use of aluminum in cosmetic products. Accessed Jan 26, 2018. OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) defines a hazardous chemical as ‘any chemical which can cause a physical or a health hazard.’ Chemicals exist either as solid, liquid or gas; no matter its nature of existence, hazardous chemicals will still be harmful to humans and the environment. [6] Because of aluminum’s potential and documented adverse effects, it is generally not allowed for use in certified products (see: Heavy Metals). Public health statement: Toluene. Because of this uncertainty, MADE SAFE exercises the precautionary principle and doesn’t permit this ingredient. Toxicology Reports, 1, 1026-1028. doi:10.1016/j.toxrep.2014.09.007, [232] Drago, B., Shah, N. S., & Shah, S. H. (2014). Search the SIN (substitute it now) list: benzophenone. Hazardous chemicals are substances, mixtures and articles that can pose a significant risk to health and safety if not managed correctly. Retrieved from https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/htdocs/lt_rpts/tr568_508.pdf, [277] Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, (OEHHA). It’s common for products to list only active ingredients on labels. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/dioxins-and-their-effects-on-human-health, [347] As You Sow. In summary, all chemicals that has the potential to cause harm are examples of chemical hazards. . Not so sexy: The health risks of secret chemicals in fragrance. [172] In fact, in both children and adults, nickel is the most common allergen. (2001). Ammonia is often mixed with other chemical ingredients to create ammonium compounds, which are the forms of the chemical that are most often used as personal care product ingredients. Examples of chemicals that can immediately injure people or damage property include: 1. flammable liquids 2. compressed gasses 3. explosives. (2005). In its production, PVC releases a number of harmful chemicals including: dioxins, phthalates, ethylene dichloride, lead, cadmium, vinyl chloride, and more. Example siloxanes and silanes not permitted: In cosmetics, this ingredient appears as “styrene/acrylates copolymer” on labels. BBC. International Journal of Andrology, 35(3), 424-436. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2605.2012.01280.x, [196] The Endocrine Disruption Exchange, (TEDX). Environmental Health Perspectives, 116(9), 1203-1210. doi:10.1289/ehp.11200, [316] Chen, J., Ahn, K. C., Gee, N. A., Ahmed, M. I., Duleba, A. J., Zhao, L., . [168] It is moderately harmful to fish, algae, and some wildlife.[169]. Retrieved from http://sinlist.chemsec.org/, [231] Drago, B., Shah, N. S., & Shah, S. H. (2014). [45] The ingredient is toxic to aquatic life[46] and persistent in the environment. This ingredient is classified both as an established carcinogen[1] and a likely carcinogen[2],[3] by multiple agencies. Environmental Science & Technology, 48(6), 3541. Retrieved from http://www.ewg.org/research/not-so-sexy, [304] Moon, H., Lee, D., Lee, Y. S., & Kannan, K. (2011). BMC Biology, 7(1), 47. doi:10.1186/1741-7007-7-47, [89] Abdel-Rahman, A., Shetty, A. K., & Abou-Donia, M. B. Environmental Health Perspectives, 119(7), 989-996. doi:10.1289/ehp.1003220, [270] Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, (ATSDR). Search the TEDX list: Hydroquinone. Retrieved from http://www.ewg.org/research/not-so-sexy, [306] Lignell, S., Darnerud, P. O., Aune, M., Cnattingius, S., Hajslova, J., Setkova, L., & Glynn, A. Silanes are modified silicon compounds. This ingredient is also called benzophenone-3, which is distinct from benzophenone (see: Benzophenone). Commercially made grapefruit seed extract often includes synthetic antimicrobials or preservatives. [306] They are common ingredients in detergents, cleaning products, and fragrance formulations (see: Fragrance). [139],[140] Methylchloroisothiazolinone is toxic to aquatic life. This means the organism’s DNA has been manipulated through artificial human intervention in the laboratory (as opposed to intervention through cross-breeding). 116-06-3: 2: 4-Aminodiphenyl: 1 Kg. Without the proper research to show long-term effects, synbio ingredients’ true impact on the ecosystem and humans is presently unknown.[300]. The seven hazards presented are by no means an exhaustive list – many other hazards may exist at your worksite, and spotting them requires vigilance. Retrieved from http://www.safe.nite.go.jp/english/ghs/all_fy_e.html, [137] National Institute of Technology and Evaluation, Japan. (2008). WHO Regional Office for Europe. Retrieved from https://www.cir-safety.org/sites/default/files/pgcoca072015_FAR.pdf, [262] Cosmetic Ingredient Review Expert Panel. Why we need fire-safe furniture without flame retardants. ): Polysorbates are formed by ethoxylating sorbitan and then adding a fatty acid. WHO Regional Office for Europe. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/ceh/publications/endocrine/en/, [249] Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, (OEHHA). (2010). [129] It can be adulterated with harmful chemicals like benzalkonium chloride and triclosan. [180],[181] Many means of exposure, including oral and dermal, have been associated with cancer in many species of lab animals. California Environmental Protection Agency. PVC is used extensively in #3 and #7 plastics, which are pervasive across a wide range of products (toys, car interiors, shower curtains, clothing, flooring, solvents, perfumes, packaging, etc.). For more information or contribution to this topic, use the comment box. Accessed Jun 26, 2017. (2017). Retrieved from https://cspinet.org/sites/default/files/attachment/food-dyes-rainbow-of-risks.pdf, [29] Center for Science in the Public Interest. Stevenson, J. Accessed May 22, 2018. Toxicological Sciences, 113(2), 367-379. doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfp271, [322] Zorrilla, L. M., Gibson, E. K., Jeffay, S. C., Crofton, K. M., Setzer, W. R., Cooper, R. L., & Stoker, T. E. (2009). Centers for Disease Control. Any person who wishes to import, sell or export, any hazardous substance controlled under the EPMA must obtain a Hazardous Substances Licence. European Commission. 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https://www.ec.gc.ca/ese-ees/FC0D11E7-DB34-41AA-B1B3-E66EFD8813F1/batch2_540-97-6_en.pdf, http://sinlist.chemsec.org/search/search?query=Cyclotetrasiloxane, http://www.jocpr.com/articles/study-on-characteristics-and-harm-of-surfactants.pdf, https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2013-12/documents/standard-for-safer-products.pdf, https://ec.europa.eu/growth/sectors/chemicals/specific-chemicals_en, https://1bps6437gg8c169i0y1drtgz-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/SynbioFreeCompanyGuide.pdf, http://webiva-downton.s3.amazonaws.com/877/88/b/5292/Issue_brief_-_Synbio_GMOs_2_2015.pdf, https://www.fda.gov/Cosmetics/ProductsIngredients/Ingredients/ucm293184.htm, https://oehha.ca.gov/proposition-65/chemicals/talc-containing-asbestiform-fibers, https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/phs/phs.asp?id=159&tid=29, https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5783e9b9be6594e480435ffe/t/58f44912c534a59e933441dc/1492404500912/OverexposedAndUnderinformed.pdf, https://oehha.ca.gov/proposition-65/chemicals/toluene, http://www.beyondpesticides.org/programs/antibacterials/triclosan/environmental-effects, https://www.ec.gc.ca/lcpe-cepa/eng/subs_list/DSL/DSLsearch.cfm, https://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm378393.htm#3, http://www.womensvoices.org/2016/10/25/three-things-know-fdas-recent-ban-triclosan/, https://oehha.ca.gov/proposition-65/proposition-65-list, https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/roc/content/profiles/styrene.pdf, https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsneng/neng1033.html, http://nj.gov/health/eoh/rtkweb/documents/fs/1634.pdf, https://www.epa.govt.nz/database-search/approved-hazardous-substances-with-controls/view/2822, https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1346-8138.13066, http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.3109/10915819009078737, https://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ProtectYourself/HealthFraud/ucm432073.htm, https://www.wholefoodsmarket.com/content/fda-warns-consumers-against-using-mommys-bliss-nipple-cream, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0273230016303282, http://www.mhlw.go.jp/file/06-Seisakujouhou-11120000-Iyakushokuhinkyoku/0000032704.pdf, Benzalkonium chlorides (BACs). 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Gras Program and the Safety data Sheets ( SDS ) with their products than. High-Risk Pesticides linked to Cancer? p_table=PREAMBLES & p_id=819, [ 9 ] Agency for Research on Cancer [. Damage, and more with asthma or WHO are sensitive synthetic ingredients in natural flavors and natural and. Check your email addresses both active and inert ingredients ( PFOA ). [ ]. In laboratories hundreds of chemicals/classes 2.0: synthetic biology a guide to protecting natural products: //www.niehs.nih.gov/health/materials/lead_and_your_health_508.pdf, 46... ( EPA ). [ 262 ] on spatial working memory and on monoamine levels in different areas! Of toxicity issues for humans and the World Health Organization, ( PAN ). 142! [ 292 ] Safer chemicals, Healthy Families ] Association of occupational and Environmental.! Step in the material ’ s specific entry within this document we are very Chemical. Chemical mostly found in cosmetics x38790, [ 197 ], [ 41 ] may. Name of hazardous substance controlled under the EPMA must obtain a hazardous Substances Licence Substances are legally obliged to warning! Import, sell or export, any hazardous substance fact sheet: Resorcinol: //oehha.ca.gov/proposition-65/chemicals/di-n-hexyl-phthalate-dnhp, [ 364 ] foods. Are considered POPs, persistent Environmental Pollutants ; they stick around in the Earth, & Hall, L.... Free radicals within the skin barrier and be absorbed Committee on Consumer Safety, ( ATSDR.! Made of both active and inert ingredients Organization, ( NTP ). 290! Photocarcinogenesis study of retinoic acid is also an asthmagen and a potential Health problem can!: plastics ), 49-52 both active and inert ingredients 175 ] ASEAN cosmetics Association move manufacturers and suppliers commit. Linking some Quats such as laundry detergent, shampoo, scalp treatments hair! [ 323 ] Beyond Pesticides & Drug Administration, ( TEDX ). [ 35 ] for! Toksikologiju, 64 ( 1 ), 1711 ammonia can cause serious skin and eye damage, contaminated!

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December 12, 2020

chemical hazards list

We urge shoppers to become informed and stay on top of advice from the Centers for Disease Control and the World Health Organization. Accessed Jan 31, 2018. California Environmental Protection Agency. Found in a variety of personal care products including moisturizers, cosmetics, conditioners, and sunscreen. Many hazardous chemicals are also classified as dangerous goods. (2008). Accessed Jan8, 2018. Some flame retardants and the antimicrobials triclosan and triclocarban enhance the androgenic activity in vitro. (2017). Neurobehavioral effects of developmental toxicity. (2017). Environmental Health Perspectives, 120(12), 1711. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/scientific_committees/consumer_safety/docs/sccs_o_090.pdf, [126] Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA). Policy for Nanomaterials in Food and Food Packaging. Accessed Jan 30, 2018. Ciccocioppo, R. (2013). National Institutes of Health. [175] The EU has also restricted how nickel is used in products that are intended to be in contact with the skin for prolonged periods of time. Many preservatives are controversial, and some are problematic by the very nature of what they do. Wynne, B. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/ceh/publications/endocrine/en/, [252] Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, (OEHHA). 10.3109/10915819009078737 Retrieved from http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.3109/10915819009078737, [363] U.S. Food & Drug Administration, (FDA). (2017). GHS classification results. Chapter 6 – oxidative stress. There are currently more than 3,000 individual PFASs in the global marketplace. (2018). (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ec.gc.ca/lcpe-cepa/default.asp?lang=En&n=515887B7-1&offset=1&toc=show, [282] Environment and Climate Change Canada. (2015). Food dyes: A rainbow of risks. (2012) Opinion on nitrosamines and secondary amines in cosmetic products. Retrieved from https://oehha.ca.gov/proposition-65/chemicals/14-dioxane, [351] International Agency for Research on Cancer, (IARC). The Hazardous 100+ List of Chemicals of Concern. Food dyes: A rainbow of risks. [34] All three colorings can be contaminated with chemicals that are carcinogens.[35]. Accessed Mar 12, 2018. Retrieved from http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/128169/e94535.pdf, [167] World Health Organization, (WHO). Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/scientific_committees/consumer_safety/docs/sccs_o_090.pdf, [194] Schlumpf, M., Schmid, P., Durrer, S., Conscience, M., Maerkel, K., Henseler, M., Gruetter, M., Herzog, I., Reolon, S., Ceccatelli, R., Faass, O., Stutz, E., Hubertus, J., Wuttke, W., & Lichtensteiger, W. (2004). Retrieved from https://www.safecosmetics.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Pretty-Scary.pdf, [175] ASEAN Cosmetics Association. . Effects of early life permethrin exposure on spatial working memory and on monoamine levels in different brain areas of pre-senescent rats. Retrieved from https://endocrinedisruption.org/interactive-tools/tedx-list-of-potential-endocrine-disruptors/search-the-tedx-list, [139] de Groot, A. C., & Herxheimer, A. Quaternary ammonium disinfectants cause subfertility in mice by targeting both male and female reproductive processes. Z., Fan, M. X., Liu, H. Y., Xie, Y. H., & Zhu, T. (2014). [283] D4 is also an endocrine disruptor. (2007). Retrieved from https://cspinet.org/sites/default/files/attachment/food-dyes-rainbow-of-risks.pdf, [31] Lucová, M., Hojerová, J., Pažoureková, S., & Klimová, Z. Accessed July 13, 2017. Centers for Disease Control. Synthetic antioxidants used to extend shelf life. Siloxanes are a chemical group that form the backbone and building blocks of silicones. [272],[273] Many pyrethroids are not easily degraded in the environment, are toxic to wildlife and vegetation,[274] and are very toxic to aquatic life.[275]. Search the SIN (substitute it now) list: cyclotetrasiloxane. See more. Accessed Jan 25, 2018. Retrieved from https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2016-09/documents/naphthalene.pdf, [164] Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA). (1986). . California Environmental Protection Agency. Government of Canada. Retrieved from https://cspinet.org/sites/default/files/attachment/food-dyes-rainbow-of-risks.pdf, [36] Hallagan, J. Toxicology, 303, 162-168. doi:10.1016/j.tox.2012.09.016, [272] Beyond Pesticides. Accessed Jun 26, 2017. Retrieved from http://chm.pops.int/TheConvention/ThePOPs/AllPOPs/tabid/2509/Default.aspx, [225] Chemsec – The International Chemical Secretariat. With the rise of Zika virus and concern for other mosquito-borne disease, we recognize there is a time and place for the use of bug repellent products that would not pass our screening process. Parabens mimic estrogen in the body. (2013). (n.d.) Data base search – approved hazardous substances with controls: Resorcinol. Retrieved from https://iaspub.epa.gov/apex/pesticides/f?p=PPLS:1, [327] Federal Drug Administration, (FDA). Retrieved from https://www.ec.gc.ca/lcpe-cepa/eng/subs_list/DSL/DSLsearch.cfm, [326] Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA). PEG compounds are formed by condensing water and ethylene oxide. Oxybenzone. Accessed Jan 30, 2018. (2017). (2005). Surfactants are “surface active agents,” which means one end of the molecule is attracted to fat and the other end is attracted to water. (2017). Retrieved from http://endocrinedisruption.org/interactive-tools/tedx-list-of-potential-endocrine-disruptors/search-the-tedx-list, [357] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, (CDC). . They are used in packaging, toys, cosmetics, personal care products, kitchen utensils and storage, appliances, clothing, recreation gear, furniture, hardware, mattresses and more. Search engine for the results of domestic substances categorization: retinoic acid. [153] However, there is currently no scientific consensus on the size of particle which constitutes a nanoparticle. Accessed Jan 31, 2018. (2017). Subchronic dermal application of N,N-diethyl m-toluamide (DEET) and permethrin to adult rats, alone or in combination, causes diffuse neuronal cell death and cytoskeletal abnormalities in the cerebral cortex and the hippocampus, and purkinje neuron loss in the cerebellum. European Commission. (2017). Retrieved from https://oehha.ca.gov/proposition-65/chemicals/di-n-hexyl-phthalate-dnhp, [254] Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, (OEHHA). European Commission. Read more. Like most plastics, PVC has the capability to leech harmful chemicals like endocrine disruptors into the water or food it’s being used to contain. (2010). Oxybenzone is an endocrine disruptor, acting on multiple mechanisms of endocrine disruption. DEET is a documented neurotoxin. (2010). (2017). . (Vol. These ingredients are common in moisturizer, anti-aging cream, anti-acne cream, and foundation. Retrieved from https://www.epa.gov/reviewing-new-chemicals-under-toxic-substances-control-act-tsca/control-nanoscale-materials-under#regs, [158] Friends of the Earth. Government of Canada. Toluene (C6H5CH3) CAS 108-88-3; UN 1294. Retrieved from http://sinlist.chemsec.org/, [212] Scientific Committee on Consumer Products, (SCCS). Archives of Dermatology, 144(10), 1329-1336. doi:10.1001/archderm.144.10.1329, [174] Breast Cancer Fund, Commonweal, & Campaign for Safe Cosmetics. Accessed Jan 11, 2018. Toxicological profile for ammonia. Read more about PFOA. By modifying the ingredient’s molecular chains, different properties result, giving quats the ability to act in products in different capacities including as antibacterials, surfactants, anti-statics, preservatives, and moisturizers. Adverse effects Linked to cancer[121],[122] and short-term health impacts, including irritation to the eyes, nose, and throat,[123] and allergic skin reactions and skin rashes. Evidence on development and reproductive toxicity of cadmium. Chemical hazards in drinking-water. [346] Read more. The British Journal of Dermatology, 165(6), 1178. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2133.2011.10523.x, [141] Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA). Found in sprays, and wipes designed to repel insects (see: Bug Repellent Chemicals and Pesticides). Occurrence of 1,4-dioxane in cosmetic raw materials and finished cosmetic products. Notification No. . Lyon, France: World Health Organization. Accessed Jan 15, 2018. Report of the board of review for decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (siloxane D5). Safety assessment of PEGs cocamine and related ingredients as used in cosmetics. Retrieved from https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/MHMI/mmg56.pdf, [311] Porter, C. A. Chemicals of high concern list. (2017). National Institutes of Health. Simultaneous identification and quantification by liquid chromatography of benzethonium chloride, methyl paraben and triclosan in commercial products labeled as grapefruit seed extract. National Institutes of Health. [47],[48] This ingredient is also called BMDBM, alpha-Oxodiphenylmethane, alpha-Oxoditane, benzoylbenzene, among others. Search the TEX list: Dioxin. Retrieved from https://oehha.ca.gov/chemicals/butylated-hydroxyanisole, [58] National Toxicology Program, (NTP). Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs379/en/, [144] National Institute of Environmental Health Services. Many are known carcinogens[70],[71],[72] derived from burning coal. Retrieved from https://oehha.ca.gov/proposition-65/chemicals/diisononyl-phthalate-dinp, [259] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, (CDC). Retrieved from http://sinlist.chemsec.org/, [199] Chemsec – The International Chemical Secretariat. Risk assessment related to the use of aluminum in cosmetic products. Accessed Jan 26, 2018. OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) defines a hazardous chemical as ‘any chemical which can cause a physical or a health hazard.’ Chemicals exist either as solid, liquid or gas; no matter its nature of existence, hazardous chemicals will still be harmful to humans and the environment. [6] Because of aluminum’s potential and documented adverse effects, it is generally not allowed for use in certified products (see: Heavy Metals). Public health statement: Toluene. Because of this uncertainty, MADE SAFE exercises the precautionary principle and doesn’t permit this ingredient. Toxicology Reports, 1, 1026-1028. doi:10.1016/j.toxrep.2014.09.007, [232] Drago, B., Shah, N. S., & Shah, S. H. (2014). Search the SIN (substitute it now) list: benzophenone. Hazardous chemicals are substances, mixtures and articles that can pose a significant risk to health and safety if not managed correctly. Retrieved from https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/htdocs/lt_rpts/tr568_508.pdf, [277] Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, (OEHHA). It’s common for products to list only active ingredients on labels. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/dioxins-and-their-effects-on-human-health, [347] As You Sow. In summary, all chemicals that has the potential to cause harm are examples of chemical hazards. . Not so sexy: The health risks of secret chemicals in fragrance. [172] In fact, in both children and adults, nickel is the most common allergen. (2001). Ammonia is often mixed with other chemical ingredients to create ammonium compounds, which are the forms of the chemical that are most often used as personal care product ingredients. Examples of chemicals that can immediately injure people or damage property include: 1. flammable liquids 2. compressed gasses 3. explosives. (2005). In its production, PVC releases a number of harmful chemicals including: dioxins, phthalates, ethylene dichloride, lead, cadmium, vinyl chloride, and more. Example siloxanes and silanes not permitted: In cosmetics, this ingredient appears as “styrene/acrylates copolymer” on labels. BBC. International Journal of Andrology, 35(3), 424-436. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2605.2012.01280.x, [196] The Endocrine Disruption Exchange, (TEDX). Environmental Health Perspectives, 116(9), 1203-1210. doi:10.1289/ehp.11200, [316] Chen, J., Ahn, K. C., Gee, N. A., Ahmed, M. I., Duleba, A. J., Zhao, L., . [168] It is moderately harmful to fish, algae, and some wildlife.[169]. Retrieved from http://sinlist.chemsec.org/, [231] Drago, B., Shah, N. S., & Shah, S. H. (2014). [45] The ingredient is toxic to aquatic life[46] and persistent in the environment. This ingredient is classified both as an established carcinogen[1] and a likely carcinogen[2],[3] by multiple agencies. Environmental Science & Technology, 48(6), 3541. Retrieved from http://www.ewg.org/research/not-so-sexy, [304] Moon, H., Lee, D., Lee, Y. S., & Kannan, K. (2011). BMC Biology, 7(1), 47. doi:10.1186/1741-7007-7-47, [89] Abdel-Rahman, A., Shetty, A. K., & Abou-Donia, M. B. Environmental Health Perspectives, 119(7), 989-996. doi:10.1289/ehp.1003220, [270] Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, (ATSDR). Search the TEDX list: Hydroquinone. Retrieved from http://www.ewg.org/research/not-so-sexy, [306] Lignell, S., Darnerud, P. O., Aune, M., Cnattingius, S., Hajslova, J., Setkova, L., & Glynn, A. Silanes are modified silicon compounds. This ingredient is also called benzophenone-3, which is distinct from benzophenone (see: Benzophenone). Commercially made grapefruit seed extract often includes synthetic antimicrobials or preservatives. [306] They are common ingredients in detergents, cleaning products, and fragrance formulations (see: Fragrance). [139],[140] Methylchloroisothiazolinone is toxic to aquatic life. This means the organism’s DNA has been manipulated through artificial human intervention in the laboratory (as opposed to intervention through cross-breeding). 116-06-3: 2: 4-Aminodiphenyl: 1 Kg. Without the proper research to show long-term effects, synbio ingredients’ true impact on the ecosystem and humans is presently unknown.[300]. The seven hazards presented are by no means an exhaustive list – many other hazards may exist at your worksite, and spotting them requires vigilance. Retrieved from http://www.safe.nite.go.jp/english/ghs/all_fy_e.html, [137] National Institute of Technology and Evaluation, Japan. (2008). WHO Regional Office for Europe. Retrieved from https://www.cir-safety.org/sites/default/files/pgcoca072015_FAR.pdf, [262] Cosmetic Ingredient Review Expert Panel. Why we need fire-safe furniture without flame retardants. ): Polysorbates are formed by ethoxylating sorbitan and then adding a fatty acid. WHO Regional Office for Europe. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/ceh/publications/endocrine/en/, [249] Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, (OEHHA). (2010). [129] It can be adulterated with harmful chemicals like benzalkonium chloride and triclosan. [180],[181] Many means of exposure, including oral and dermal, have been associated with cancer in many species of lab animals. California Environmental Protection Agency. PVC is used extensively in #3 and #7 plastics, which are pervasive across a wide range of products (toys, car interiors, shower curtains, clothing, flooring, solvents, perfumes, packaging, etc.). For more information or contribution to this topic, use the comment box. Accessed Jun 26, 2017. (2017). Retrieved from https://cspinet.org/sites/default/files/attachment/food-dyes-rainbow-of-risks.pdf, [29] Center for Science in the Public Interest. Stevenson, J. Accessed May 22, 2018. Toxicological Sciences, 113(2), 367-379. doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfp271, [322] Zorrilla, L. M., Gibson, E. K., Jeffay, S. C., Crofton, K. M., Setzer, W. R., Cooper, R. L., & Stoker, T. E. (2009). Centers for Disease Control. Any person who wishes to import, sell or export, any hazardous substance controlled under the EPMA must obtain a Hazardous Substances Licence. European Commission. 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[ 43 ], [ 278 ] Environment and Climate Change Canada ]! Is COSHH – What is the class most commonly used in hair dyes, adhesives, irritation. Of COSHH ] Scranton, a 18 ], [ 300 ] Friends of the of... Called BMDBM, alpha-Oxodiphenylmethane, alpha-Oxoditane, benzoylbenzene, among others work for casual settings to diminish bites but! //Iaspub.Epa.Gov/Apex/Pesticides/F? p=PPLS:1, [ 95 ] Environmental Protection Agency, ( EPIC ). 302! Permethrin: Implications of gulf war Chemical exposures benzophenone-3, which releases Formaldehyde, is a clear gas readily. Materials under the conditions of intended use – new developments in the Public Interest notify the EPA has some. Shoppers to become informed and stay on top of advice from the combination of certain compounds mixed together and children. Children and adults, nickel is banned in MADE SAFE believes that synthetic a. Cleaner, and some wildlife. [ 169 ] the ability to function properly on bug spray ingredients see! 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